Week 3. How do you use existing online resources?

Use existing online resources rather than creating your own.

Moving content online

Time management in online learning is critical. It is important not to spend a great deal of time converting classroom material into a form that will work online. Moving content online is NOT about transferring content – it is about transforming content. Online learning is unique and the instructor must factor in the uniqueness of the medium.

Use the existing institutional technology

Use Laulima. Its not perfect, we know. Don’t debate about whether or not it is the best tool, at least when you are beginning. It is a useful framework for organizing your online teaching, and you can get help when needed. There is enough flexibility to allow you to teach in a variety of different ways. In particular, take the time to be properly trained in how to use Laulima.  Here is a good place to start.

The same applies to synchronous web technologies such as Blackboard Collaborate. Think carefully about when it would be best to use synchronous rather than asynchronous online tools. Blackboard Collaborate is useful when you want to get a group of students together at one time, but such synchronous tools tend to be instructor-dominated (delivering lectures and controlling the discussion). However, you could encourage students working in small teams on a project to use Collaborate to decide roles and project assignments.

On the other hand, asynchronous tools such as the Forum tool in Laulima provide online learners with more flexibility than synchronous tools, and enable them to work more independently (an important skill for students to develop).

Resources available through the library

Probably one of the first places to look for scholarly resources should be the Leeward CC library. The open web, and search engines such as Google Scholar cannot always reach resources held within subscription only databases. Some resources available through the library include:

  • Subscription-only databases, including those containing texts, images, music and news broadcasts.
  • Electronic journals, book chapters and conference proceedings.
  • Electronic books.

Use existing online content

The Internet, and the World Wide Web, have an immense amount of free content under certain conditions (look for the  Creative Commons license usually at the end of the page). However, open educational resources vary in quality and range.

At a two-year college most content is not unique or original. Get your students to search, find, select, and content material. After all, these are key ’21st century skills’ that students need to have.

Why use online resources?

The term online resources refers to a wide range of information available on the Internet including text, images, videos, case studies, journals, databases, and curricula to name a few. Online resources can be held in scholarly databases or libraries; be made by teachers specifically for their classes; or be found on the open web.

There any many different digital formats for online resources including web sites, audio and video podcasts, PDF files, ebooks, interactive learning objects, digital tools for creating resources etc. So many resources are now being freely shared online that it can be advantageous for teachers and students to develop an understanding of appropriate and legal use. Care must be also taken to assess the validity and copyright implications of using resources found online.

Students should be supported in developing appropriate information and digital literacy skills to help them make informed decisions about what constitutes an appropriate resource for learning. There are many benefits that using online resources can bring to teaching and learning, including:

  • Access to information from many different voices and experts: There are many resources from credible institutions, public commentators, organizations and news media available online. Using these resources in class gives students an opportunity to access expert commentary on topics, and to contextualize their learning through analysis of different sources of information
  • Save time: As a teacher, you don’t have to reinvent the wheel, or do everything yourself. You can bring the knowledge of other experts into your class and concentrate on facilitating active learning strategies such as discussions and analysis of the material
  • Share your expertise with others: If you have created an online resource for a certain topic, you may wish to share this openly with others by making it available online under a Creative Commons license
  • Students can take an active role in finding and sharing course resources: Integrating tasks into your curriculum where students find and assess online resources on a particular topic can be a good way to engage them in the class content and build their digital literacy skills
  • Resources are always available: If resources for your class are online, students can always access them anywhere, and at any time that they are needed
  • Equity and accessibility: Having resources online offers equity and accessibility to information for all students on and off-campus.

Open Educational Resources (OER)

Leeward CC OER Initiative

There is a wealth of credible learning resources for all stages of learning, that have been made available to the world for free under the concept of Open Educational Resources (OER). These resources are usually released under Creative Commons licenses by different educational institutions or individual academics for use by anyone, providing they comply with the conditions of the license.

OER cover many different subject areas, and include a wide variety of learning materials such as curricula, lectures, interactive learning objects, professional development materials, podcasts, etc.

There are several online OER repositories that enable teachers to contribute to, and access material from the larger academic community, such as MERLOT, MIT Open Courseware, Jorum and iTunes U. These repositories make it easy to search for resources across a variety of criteria such as topic or type of media. Some repositories contain peer review systems to help establish the authenticity and reputation of the resources.

The advantages of OER include:

  • Access to a range of digital formats: You may not have the skills required to make the same type of resources that you can find online that have been made by other educators. Using a variety of digital formats such as text, video, images and audio can be an exciting way to engage students in your class.
  • Currency of information: There are always new resources being published or uploaded into the aforementioned repositories on a wide range of topics
  • Use resources from some of the most reputable institutions in the world: You have the opportunity to use resources from institutions with reputations for quality learning and teaching, and to use material created by world renowned experts in different fields. MIT, Harvard and Cambridge along with many other institutions , provide resources for open use which can be found on iTunes U or other OER repositories
  • Many points of view: Students have the chance to learn from a range of different experts and sources, creating greater opportunities for comparative analysis, discussion and debate
  • Save time and money: Institutions are free to use OER for teaching as long as they comply with the Creative Commons license they are offered under. There are no access or development costs, and materials are usually ready for immediate use
Creative Commons allows the sharing and remixing of work in accordance with the various licenses, as with OER. However, resources or information that are not offered under Creative Commons licenses are subject to copyright law.

What are your colleagues doing?

Another often invaluable resource is the material your colleagues have developed for their courses and is also relevant to your own course. Consider working collaboratively to develop and share high quality materials.

Focus on facilitating learning

Teaching online offers you a choice of focusing on content development or on facilitating learning.

  • Focus on facilitating what students need to know, and on how they can find, evaluate
  • Focus on student activities and what they need to do.

Week 3 Activity- Earn Your  Badge

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Essential Question:  How do you use existing online resources?

Get your Teaching Online Action Plan – Week 3 Worksheet

  1. Login to UH Google Drive
  2. Make your copy> Click on Teaching Online Action Plan -Week 3 [insert your name here]
  3. Insert your name in the title- by clicking on the title name in the upper left corner of your document.insert name2
  4. Locate your new Teaching Online Action Plan  document  in your Google Drive account.
  5. Please complete steps below . Directions for each step are on  your worksheet.
    1. Table: A Guiding Question requires a Guiding Activity and a Resource.
    2.  Reflection. How did it go this week? Please assess your learning experience.
    3. Professional Development. Further Skills I need to develop and what I’m going to do to get those skills.
    4. By the end of Thursday, share your document  (see the directions below) to enable commenting and post it in HERE in this week’s Google+ Community.
    5. In this week’s  Google+ Community, comment ON two other worksheets, by the end of Sunday.
    6. Comment using the Universal Intellectual Standards.
      1. To assess the quality of our thinking, we will be using the Universal Intellectual Standards. A standard is a measure of how good something is. We use standards in thinking to make sure we do what we say we are going to do is actually right.
      2. To help students learn them, teachers should pose questions which probe student thinking; questions which hold students accountable for their thinking; questions which, through consistent use by the teacher, become internalized by students as questions they need to ask themselves.
      3. Practice commenting and asking questions using the Universal Intellectual Standards in ways that lead to better and better reasoning.

Week 3 Google Plus Community


Learning to Teach Online by Simon McIntyre, Dr Negin Mirriahi
Tony Bates  Build on existing resources.

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