Given the examples from the book, I’m sure there are some cases of ‘environmental racism’ all over the world, including Hawaii. Not in the same way Leonard describes it though. I don’t believe that companies are looking to place their factories in poorer areas solely because they consist of more darker-skinned people. Companies are just trying to find the cheapest/least regulated areas where they can away with more stuff. I don’t think it has anything to do with actual racism like I don’t think companies are thinking “Let’s put all our factories in India because I hate Indian people.”, that’s just crazy. I do notice that factories in Hawaii are kept away from places like Honolulu and Waikiki where there are a lot of white people. A more appropriate name would be ‘environmental class discrimination’ since companies are hunting for lands that are poorer/less educated and probably not because they want to give their toxins to darker-skinned people.